Landlocked in the heart of Africa, the Central African Republic (CAR) has gone through some turmoil for most of it’s independence. However, in March of this year, things drastically changed especially for Christians. The government of President Bozize was deposed in a coup d’at by the Seleka coalition of Michel Djotodia, spinning the country into a state of lawlessness. Then in September, after he was sworn in as President, Mr Djotodia disbanded the rebels that helped him to power. But with his transitional government failing to restore order, the dissidents have continued to terrorize civilians across the country. “The Seleka coalition particularly illustrated itself by massive and unprecedented violations of human rights,” church leaders stated, going on to list “looting, destruction of public and private property, illegal occupation of houses and public buildings, assassinations and murders, threats and intimidation, kidnapping, torture and summary executions and the burning of towns and villages.” The crisis also has deepening religious overtones. “In this situation, Christians are specifically most affected,” the Christian leaders said. “Rebels rape civilians and religious orders, desecrate churches and religious institutions, and perpetrate violence against priests and pastors in particular. A number have been assassinated.” An immense humanitarian crisis is in the making. It is estimated that at least 4.6 million people’s lives have been disrupted by the violence; 1.6 million have been displaced and hundreds of thousands face food insecurity. While the international community has been slow to offer any assistance, a small force of poorly trained and demotivated regional peace keepers have proven unable to protect civilians and restore order. As a result of this persecution and humanitarian crisis, CAR church leaders gathered at a conference sponsored by Open Doors. Those attending have asked for our prayers and have asked us to share the Bangui Declaration that they drafted for their country (see below). As the future is still uncertain for our brothers and sisters in CAR, it is vital that we pray for them (and ask other Christians to be in prayer for them too). We know that we serve an awesome God, who is faithful to hear the prayers of His church. Thank you for praying with us! BANGUI DECLARATION: BREAKING INDIFFERENCE INTRODUCTION The Central African Republic is a poor, landlocked country in the heart of the African continent, made up of a population that is 80 % Christian, 15 % Muslim and 5% animist. Despite the regular armed conflicts that the country has known over recent decades, these various communities have always lived in peace and harmony. Unfortunately, recent events, of a jihadist nature, have devastated the country bringing bereavement to thousands of families and have threatened to destroy interfaith cohesion. The Church of Central Africa, regrouping all denominations (Catholic and Protestant), assuming her priestly and prophetic responsibilities, would hereby bring to the attention of the international community the cry of the Central African people and draw attention to the human drama that her people are experiencing, which could lead an genocidal interfaith civil war. SITUATION On 10 December 2012, the Seleka coalition, 90 % consisting of Muslim extremists from Chad and Soudan, engaged in an army offensive and rapidly occupied the major cities in the north and centre of the country . A political agreement was then signed in Libreville (Gabon) on January 11, 2013 by the belligerents in order to bring settlement to the crisis. Alleging non-compliance with the agreement, the Seleka coalition launched an assault on the city of Bangui, March 24th 2013, and succeeded in overthrowing the regime of President Franis Boziz During its progression and since the of seizing power until this day, the Seleka coalition particularly illustrated itself by massive and unprecedented violations of human rights; widespread looting and destruction of public and private property, illegal occupation of houses and public buildings, assassinations and murders, threats and intimidation, kidnapping, torture and summary executions, the burning of towns and villages, rape directed towards civilians and religious orders, the desecration of churches and religious institutions, violence against priests and pastors in particular, of which a number have been assassinated. A certain number of Muslims and Fulani’s who did not follow the coalition Seleka have also been victims of the exactions. During the discourse of the Prime Minister, Chief of the transitional government on the 26th September to the United Nations, the humanitarian disaster that the Central African Republic is experiencing was presented as follows: 4,600,000 Central Africans affected by the crisis; 1,600,000 internally displaced refugees, 60,000 children exposed to malnutrition, 62,000 refugees in neighbouring countries, 650,000 children denied access to school, 484,000 inhabitants in a situation of food insecurity, 3,500 children recruited by the armed groups, 13,700 receiving antiviral treatment are exposed to a risk due to the interruption of their treatment… In this situation, Christians are specifically those the most affected. RISKS AND THREATS OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICT Exasperated by these massive and repeated violations of human rights on Christians and non-Muslims, vigilante groups have been formed in the north and northwest to defend themselves against the elements of the Seleka. These groups are subsequently attacked by the Muslim populations in these areas. This phenomenon is spreading throughout the country. In retaliation, elements of the Seleka have begun a genocidal response, whilst the Muslim community has always lived in peaceful coexistence with the non-Muslim population. Two (2) letters whose signatures are attributed to the Chairman of the transition have been circulating on social networks: one addressed to the Islamic Community of Central Africa in 2006, and the other to the Organisation of the Islamic Conference in 2012. These documents openly expressed a desire to establish an Islamic state that these abuses confirm. The participation of foreigners in the Seleka, specifically Chadian and Sudanese mercenaries speaking only Arabic, must be noted. Also the complacency or complicity of Chadian elements of the FOMAC with the perpetrators of the atrocities and looting. These facts have led to a xenophobic sentiment amongst the population against Chadian and Sudanese immigrants. A petition was even launched by the civil society for the departure of the Chadian contingent FOMAC. The abuses perpetrated by the Seleka have even been exported beyond the limits of the CAR border. These actions are likely to cause the spill over of the conflict into neighbouring countries and set a blaze the Sub-region. VARIOUS INITIATIVES OF THE CHURCH Christian churches have historically been the architects of a peaceful collective consciousness and social cohesion in CAR, and have been involved in the search for solutions to the crisis through the following actions: – Participation in discussions in Libreville (Gabon) 8-11 January 2013, and N’Djamena (Chad), 4 to 18 April 2013. – Participation in a Meeting for Peace and Reconciliation with religious leaders in Rome from 6 to 11 September 2013. – Involvement of religious leaders in high-level summit on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly September 25, 2013 – Two pastoral letters were addressed to the Transition President, to the International Community and to Christians round the world. Note also that actions are carried out by Christians to help victims in need. ROAD MAP TO EXIT THE CRISIS URGENT AID Security domain – Immediate deployment of an international force with the mission to disarm the armed forces and secure the civilian population throughout the territory, and under the authority of the United Nations. – Ensure the departure of foreign mercenaries. – Augmentation of the number of MISCA forces, from 3,500 to at least 10,000 men. – Restoration of the national armed forces. Republican defence forces and security services should resume without delay and to be deployed throughout the territory. – Disarmament of illegal forces Humanitarian domain – An emergency humanitarian assistance should be made available to vulnerable populations in areas affected by the conflict as well as measures of support for return of these populations to their home towns. – Actions to be taken in order to restore trust between the various communities. – Particular emphasis should be placed on the promotion of civic and patriotic culture. – A comprehensive support for vulnerable people must also be ensured. Political domain – The transition should be conducted without people seeking to position themselves for the future. It will be primarily aimed at bringing the country back on track. To do this, the transition process will be driven by players ineligible in the upcoming elections. – A new government composed of men and women of integrity, members of civil society and technocrats, will be formed to lead this process. The composition of the government should take into account the socio-cultural balance of the country. – Organisation of an Inter Central African Conference of reconciliation involving all stakeholders. – Drafting of a new constitution. – Preparation of legislative and presidential elections POST CRISIS MANAGEMENT Recurrent armed conflicts have weakened the political institutions and marked private operators due to the destruction of the economic and social infrastructure. For this purpose, it is important to proceed with: – The rehabilitation of judicial institutions, – The development of transitional justice: Right to truth Right to justice: prosecution of actors of killings, abuses and other crimes Right to reparation Right to guarantee of non-repetition, Economy The country’s economy being predominantly agricultural, the promotion of agriculture and livestock will mobilize more energy and resources. For this, it is urgent to: – Establish a procurement mechanism for bloodstock and improved seeds, – Facilitate the access of farmers and herders to microcredit – Promote cash crops; cotton, coffee, tobacco and food products, – To promote the mechanization of agriculture Central population is predominantly young, and an emphasis should be placed on the promotion of entrepreneurship in all areas by: – Implementation of business incubators, – The establishment of vocational centres, agricultural and pastoral training, – Supervision of the informal sector. Upgrading of local commodities The mining sector occupying an important place in the gross national product, it is imperative to carry out the reorganisation and the introduction of more transparent management. Given the severity of the problems and relevance of proposed solutions, it is important to develop a structure for the implementation and the monitoring of various programs with a strong involvement of the Church of Central Africa. CONCLUSION: As one man, the suffering people of the CAR, through the voice of the Christian Church which represents more than 85 % of the population, strongly appeals to the international community in general, and to its counterparts in the West in particular, to fly rapidly to the rescue, to prevent the country from falling into the hands of extremists and religious fanatics. Bangui, 06 October 2013 Signed: General Secretary of the Evangelical Alliance of Central Africa Rev. Franco MBAYE-BONDOI President of the Evangelical Alliance of Central Africa Rev. Nicolas GEUREKOYAME-GBANGOU General Secretary of the Episcopal Conference of Central Africa Abbot Cyriaque GBATE-DOUMAL President of the Episcopal Conference of Central Africa Mgr. DieudonnNZAPALAINGA
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