In the past three years, Christians in Southeast Asia have endured three major Islamist extremist attacks: the deadly siege of the southern Philippines’ city of Marawi in 2017; the 2018 suicide bombings of three churches in Surabaya, Indonesia; this year’s cathedral bombings in Jolo, in southern Philippines; and the Easter morning bombings of three churches in Sri Lanka.
Christians in these countries fear retaliatory “lone-wolf” attacks following the October killing of Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, in northern Syria [Reuters].
“Radical Islamic groups are squeezed and sometimes ‘smashed’ out of the Middle East or driven underground and they are finding new homes in South and especially Southeast Asia,” said Thomas Muller, persecution analyst with Open Doors’ World Watch Research unit. “The island structure of many countries in this region provides plenty of hiding spots, and a weak state (Philippines) and the growing radicalization of the society (Indonesia, Malaysia) help a lot, too.”
Meanwhile, countries such as China and Vietnam—ranked 28th and 20th, respectively, on the 2019 World Watch List—are increasingly using new legislation and an extensive bureaucracy to control Christianity. For Christians in India (ranked 10th), and in Myanmar (ranked 18th), pressure is characterized by a combination of authoritarianism and ultra-nationalist tendencies.
India entered the World Watch List Top 10 for the first time in 2019, joining Afghanistan, Pakistan, and North Korea, No. 1 for 18 consecutive years. Meanwhile, countries such as Indonesia, Laos, and Myanmar also have slowly made their way up the list in recent years.
Pray with us for the church in South and East Asia, especially as we head into the holiday season—often a time when extremist activity and state arrests increase.
Father, as Your Word says, we are praying with our family around the world, especially in South and East Asia. Protect them from extremists—confuse the militants’ plans. Protect them from state authorities who seek to arrest and imprison them, and close their churches. God, you are omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent. We ask that our brothers and sisters would lean into your wisdom, power and presence. In your name, amen.
*representative names used for security reasons