Leader: President Abdelaziz Boutflika
Population: 40.6 million (35,000 Christians)
Main Religion: Islam
Persecution Level: Moderate
Source of persecution: Islamic extremism
As Islam becomes more and more visible in Algeria’s government, the freedom of Christians is becoming more and more restricted. Increasing pressure from radical Islamic movements on government and on society, in combination with pressure of family members on Christian converts from a Muslim background, explain Algeria’s ranking on the World Watch List. In the context of the growing role of radical Islam in the region, Algeria is increasingly the scene of more terror by radical Islamic movements. The law prohibits public assembly for purposes of practicing a faith other than Islam. Individual churches are often denied registration.