Leader: President Xi Jinping
Population: 1.35 billion (85 million Christians)
Main Religion: Atheism
Persecution Level: Moderate
Source of persecution: Communist oppression
The Communist government under China`s new president Xi Jinping aims at controlling religious activities. While in most regions in China, Christian activities have been watched rather than controlled, the unregistered house churches could be affected by a program started to eradicate so-called “evil cults.” Concerning the ethnic Han churches, some observers speak of three kinds of churches: the “black” ones which are illegal and which the state is fighting against (for example Vatican loyal Roman Catholics), the “red” ones which are state-approved and controlled and the “grey” ones which are not registered, but tolerated, and which form the majority of the Christians.