Egypt Facts

Score: 70 / 100
Region: Africa
Persecution Type: Islamic Oppression
Persecution Level: Very High
Population: 95,215,000
Christians: 9,521,500
Main Religion: Islam
Government: Presidential Republic
Leader: President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

Profile of Persecution Methodology

Violence 74%
Church Life 57%
National Life 70%
Community Life 73%
Family Life 77%
Private Life 67%

Where Persecution Comes From

In a country where 90 percent of the population is Muslim,  Egyptian Christians have been treated as second-class citizens since the advent of Islam in the region. The rise of radical Islamist groups has only exacerbated Egyptian Christian persecution, affecting believers in their villages, neighborhoods, and workplaces. The ousting of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi in 2013 has caused these radical groups to become even more violent toward Egyptian Christians, whom they allege supported Morsi’s removal. The Islamic State (IS) group, in particular, has staged several violent attacks against believers in various parts of the country. Adding to this persecution is the Egyptian state’s low regard for religious freedom and other fundamental rights.

How Christians are Suffering

Egyptian Christians suffer from persecution in various ways. Those with Muslim backgrounds face enormous pressure from immediate and extended families to return to Islam. Severe restrictions on building or securing places for communal worship prevent Egyptian Christians from gathering together, in addition to hostility and violence towards believers who do manage to gather. Egyptian Christians, particularly women, also face discrimination and abuse in their workplaces and the public square. Radical imams regularly incite hostility and violence towards Christians, resulting in the deaths and injuries of many believers in the past year alone.


For five years, more than 1,600 Egyptian Christians in the village of Kom El-Loufy have been unable to reopen their church due to fierce hostility from local Muslims and a refusal from authorities to grant the necessary license.

On Palm Sunday 2017, two suicide bomb attacks on churches killed 45 and injured 100 others in the cities of Tanta and Alexandria. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility.

In May 2017, 30 to 35 Egyptian Christians (depending on reports) were killed and 28 wounded while traveling to a monastery. The gunmen tried to get them to convert to Islam before opening fire.

In July 2017, an Egyptian Christian soldier was beaten to death for refusing to remove his tattoos of a cross and Christian saints.

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Pray for Egypt

  • Pray for Christian converts who are ousted from their homes for leaving Islam. Pray that the Lord would provide for and comfort them.
  • Pray that God would bring even the leaders of Islamist groups to Christ, that they might be used for His purposes.
  • Pray for Christians who have been slighted in social, political and legal affairs to entrust their situation to God

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