Leader: President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi
Population: 84.7 million (10 million Christians)
Main Religion: Islam
Persecution Level: Severe
Source of persecution: Islamic extremism
In recent years, the position of Christians in Egypt – not only Christian converts from a Muslim background, but also the large indigenous Coptic community – has become increasingly under pressure. Muslim Background Believers face severe limitations within their homes and extended families. Family members might punish converts to Christianity for abandoning the Islamic faith. In recent years, things have changed, causing the historical Christian communities to be targeted as well. The kidnapping of young Christian girls by Islamic extremists is a huge concern.