Leader: President Isaias Afewerki
Government: One-party state
Population: 6.7 million (Christians 2.5 million)
Main Religion: Islam/Christianity
Persecution Level: Extreme
Source of persecution: Dictatorial paranoia/Islamic extremism/Ecclesiastical arrogance
In recent years, there has been increasing pressure on Christians in Eritrea, in particular for non-traditional protestant Christian communities. Eritrea has been suffering under the authoritarian regime of Isaias Afewerki, which has been geared towards exercising extensive influence over the life of its citizens for more than two decades. Islamic extremism is also rising, and the rule of the regime is creating favorable conditions for that. The government intensified its crackdown on Christians, leading to more than 138 arrests of believers and church leaders without due process of law.