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Eritrea Facts

Score:86/ 100
Region:Africa
Persecution Type:Dictatorial Paranoia
Persecution Level:Extreme
Population:5,188,000
Christians:2,474,000
Main Religion:Christianity, Islam
Government:Presidential Republic
Leader:President Isaias Afwerki

Profile of Persecution

Violence 56%
Church Life 91%
National Life 96%
Community Life 94%
Family Life 89%
Private Life 88%

Horrific prisons and human rights atrocities

Since 1993, President Afwerki has overseen an authoritarian brutal regime that rests on massive human rights violations. During the 2019 World Watch List reporting period, government security forces conducted many house-to-house raids and imprisoned hundreds of Christians in inhumane conditions, including small shipping containers in scorching heat. Protestants, in particular, face serious problems in accessing community resources, especially social services provided by the State.

In 2018, Eritrea embraced an end to hostility with both Ethiopia and Somalia. How that agreement will play out for the situation of Christians remains to be seen. This extreme pressure and state-sanctioned violence are forcing some Christians to flee Eritrea–often called “Africa’s North Korea”–and seek asylum.

How Christians are suffering

Christians are being forced to join the armed forces, and Protestants, in particular, face serious problems with accessing community resources, especially social services provided by the state. Individuals from non-traditional church groups, such as evangelicals, face the harshest persecution forms of Christian persecution. Both converts from a Muslim background and cross-denominational converts from an Orthodox background encounter harsh mistreatment from their families and communities.

Examples

In the 2019 World Watch List reporting period, government security forces have continued to conduct numerous raids on Christians and house churches and have arrested hundreds of Christians who are being held by the government in miserable conditions. Some have been discovered in shipping containers in scorching temperatures. This is happening despite the reported release of some 30 Christians in July 2018.

Thousands of Christians have been arrested and imprisoned over the years, some of whom have been detained for well over a decade.

Eritrea is the home of the Eritrean Orthodox Church whose Christian history is defined by the Orthodox Church. Therefore, other denominations—in particular, Pentecostal churches—are not regarded as legitimate. This exclusion leads to persecution on many fronts for non-traditional believers.

 

Pray for Eritrea

  • Thousands of Christians have been imprisoned in Eritrea over the last decade, some of whom still remain in prison after more than 10 years. Pray for endurance for brothers and sisters detained in horrific conditions, and ask God to give them perseverance in their faith.
  • Pray for President Afwerki, that God would work in his heart and reveal the truth of the gospel.
  • Tragically, the Orthodox Church in Eritrea sometimes acts as an agent of persecution against other Christians. Pray for cooperation among the Christians of Eritrea, that they would be one.
  • In 2018, Eritrea embraced an end of hostility with both Ethiopia and Somalia. Thank the Lord for this amazing development and that the opening of the country to the international community to lead to a great improvement in the situation of Christians.

Stories from Eritrea

September 1, 2019
June 4, 2019

30 More Christians Arrested in Eritrea—Renounce Your Faith or Go to Jail

The crackdown on Christians in Eritrea continues as 30 more are arrested throughout Asmara. Read More

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May 21, 2019

In Africa, Christians Are in the Flames of Persecution—and On Fire for Jesus

Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, Christians are being held, feet to the flames, and told to deny Christ. Read More

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