Fill 1

6

Score

88

Region

Africa

Persecution Type

Denominational protectionism

Religion

Islam

Persecution Level

Extreme

Population

5,432,000

Christian

2,552,000

Government

Presidential Republic

Leader

President Isaias Afwerki

Profile of Persecution

Violence 11.1/16.7
Church Life 15.4/16.7
National Life 15.9/16.7
Community Life 15.9/16.7
Family Life 14.9/16.7
Private Life 14.6/16.7

What does persecution look like in Eritrea? What is life like for Christians?

Christians from non-traditional denominations face the harshest persecution in Eritrea, both from the government and from the Eritrean Orthodox Church (EOC). The EOC is one of the only Christian denominations recognized by the government, and it is tightly controlled by those in power.

Government security forces monitor phone calls, scrutinize activity and conduct countless raids which target Christians, seize Christian materials and damage house churches. Christians can be arrested and imprisoned without trial. Many Christians are held in inhumane prisons because of their faith, and their loved ones often do not know where they are or even if they are still alive. In June 2020, the UN reported there was no meaningful progress to address human rights violations in Eritrea.

Non-EOC Christians and Christians from a Muslim background face extreme opposition from their families and communities and from the state, often being denied crucial social services and other resources.

Meet “Musse”

“In prison, one of my main purposes as a Christian was to evangelize. Of course, it is forbidden to do it openly, but we did it at night when everybody was asleep. But people in prison are passing through different frustrations and depression. Those people loved what we taught and shared. Some of them even tried to cover for us. We saw many conversions. The gospel can’t be chained!”

What has changed in Eritrea?

There had been hope that a peace agreement with Ethiopia would improve human rights in Eritrea, but there has been little indication of this—and unrest at the Ethiopia/Eritrea border in fall 2020 has threatened stability. Violence continues to worsen in Eritrea.

Who is most vulnerable to persecution?

Protestants, and Christians from denominations other than the Eritrean Orthodox Church, are particularly vulnerable to persecution. Christians from a Muslim background are also very vulnerable.

What does Open Doors do to help Christians in Eritrea?

Open Doors works through local church partners in Eritrea to provide practical assistance to persecuted Christians, to support Bible and discipleship training, and to raise awareness and prayer.

Population statistic: Johnson T M and Zurlo G A, eds., World Christian Database (Leiden/Boston: Brill, accessed February 2020).

Pray for Eritrea

  • Pray that believers’ faith would grow, that their love would increase, and that their faith would be steadfast in persecution and affliction.
  • Pray Eritrean Christians and church leaders would have wisdom and opportunities to engage their government on the topic of religious freedom.
  • Pray for those suffering terrible conditions in prison, held because of their faith, and for the Christian women and children whose husbands and fathers are in prison. Pray the Lord would show His grace to these families and provide for their spiritual and physical needs.

Stories from Eritrea

January 18, 2021

13 Christians violently killed for their faith—every day

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January 13, 2021

The 10 most dangerous places for Christians

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December 11, 2020

10 most-dangerous places for Christians to live

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