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Persecution Type

Religious nationalism



Persecution Level







Federal Parliamentary Republic


Prime Minister Narendra Modi

Profile of Persecution

Violence 15.4/16.7
Church Life 13.7/16.7
National Life 14.9/16.7
Community Life 13.5/16.7
Family Life 12.9/16.7
Private Life 13.0/16.7

What does persecution look like in India? What is life like for Christians?

Hindu extremists believe that all Indians should be Hindus, and that the country should be rid of Christianity and Islam. They use extensive violence to achieve this goal, particularly targeting Christians from a Hindu background. Christians are accused of following a “foreign faith” and blamed for bad luck in their communities. These believers are often physically attacked and sometimes killed, as well as being under constant pressure from their family and community to return to Hinduism. If they do not “re-convert,” they may be boycotted by their community, with a devastating effect on their ability to earn income. Many believers are isolated and don’t know any other Christians.

Christians are persecuted in all areas of public and private life, and anti-conversion laws (currently in nine states, with more considering adoption) are abused to harass and intimidate Christians. Few people are actually convicted under these laws, but cases can drag on for years.

Meet “Gaurav”

“As I was locked in isolation, I realized I had more time for communion with the Lord and I waited with patience, praying and thanking the Lord for everything.”

What has changed in India?

Persecution in India has increased significantly over the past five years, and has now remained relatively unchanged for the past year. The COVID-19 pandemic has offered a new weapon for persecutors, though, and Christians are often deliberately overlooked when official COVID-19 food and aid are distributed. This has left many desperate for food, particularly since many Christians are from the Dalit caste and thus very poor, and have lost their sources of income this year.

Who is most vulnerable to persecution?

Christians from a Hindu background are most vulnerable to persecution in both public and private life.

What does Open Doors do to help Christians in India?

Open Doors works through local church partners to strengthen the Indian church through providing emergency aid (Rapid Response teams are often first on the scene after violent attacks), persecution survival training, Bibles, livelihood and community development programs, advocacy support and legal training.

Population statistic: Johnson T M and Zurlo G A, eds., World Christian Database (Leiden/Boston: Brill, accessed February 2020).

Pray for India

  • Praise God that many are coming to faith in India through miraculous healings and the courageous witness of India’s Christians. Pray this will continue, and many more will come to know Jesus.
  • Pray for protection for our brothers and sisters, especially those who are new Christians, and those who live in rural areas and are particularly isolated. Pray God will help their families and communities to accept their new faith.
  • Ask God to continue to work through Open Doors partners to bring practical support and encouragement to those who are most in need of help. Pray for wisdom and energy for Open Doors partners, and ask God to protect them as they carry out this vital work, particularly during the pandemic.

Stories from India

November 10, 2021

‘Behead them’—Hindu extremist calls on Indians to kill Christians

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September 27, 2021

‘In prison, God used me’—an incredible story of healing and miracles in India

Read More -

August 24, 2021

‘I will break your legs’: Christians attacked in India

Read More -

Giving Tuesday - Send 100,000 Bibles to persecuted believers! Give your persecuted family the gift of God's Word! Thanks to a challenge grant, your Bible and discipleship material gift will double in impact, up to $50,000.