Indonesia continues to be a country both blessed and challenged by its diversity. While it is the largest Muslim country in the world, its predominant brand of Islam (Islam Nusantara) is fairly tolerant and gives other minorities some freedoms. Indonesia is one of the most decentralized countries in the world, including in regards to religion. Islamic by-laws are used in certain regions and territories, and the province of Aceh is even ruled by Sharia law, though it is still under Indonesia’s constitution, which guarantees freedom of religion. President Joko Widodo, who was surprisingly elected in May 2014, has shown signs of favoring human rights and listening to minorities. Despite this, his track record has disappointed national and international observers. Religious minorities continue to suffer from radical Islamic groups and Christians face problems in registering church buildings, sometimes even suffering violent attacks.
When his newfound faith in Jesus was discovered, 17 year old Ruli* was put into Islamic boarding school by force in Riau, a province of Indonesia, the largest Muslim nation in the world. Though Indonesia’s constitution officially grants freedom of religion, Christian converts from Islam face heavy pressured to renounce their faith.