|Persecution Type:||Islamic oppression|
|Leader:||President Joko Widodo|
The church in Indonesia has been wracked with adversity, including deadly suicide bombings and earthquakes that have left Christians reeling. While the government tightens the country’s blasphemy laws, most problems for believers and churches come from confrontations with radical Islamic groups that continue to exert significant influence. In certain hot spots like West Java or Aceh, churches that evangelize often become targets of these groups.
Many converts from Islam experience varying degrees of persecution from their families, usually in the form of isolation or verbal abuse. Children of Christians often face verbal abuse—they are called infidels and are sometimes made to sit at the back in class.
Only a small percentage of converts endure physical violence for their Christian faith. However, in 2018, 18 Christians were killed and many more wounded in a co-ordinated suicide bomb attack on three churches in the city of Surabaya.
There have been several reports from different parts of the country where converts to Christianity have been detained by their families and had their cell phones taken from them. Many of these believers are isolated for several weeks and face being expelled from the family home once it is clear that the conversion is serious.
Children of known Christians often face ostracization and discrimination at school. In some regions, Muslim families regularly forbid their children to play with Christian friends.
In December 2018, at least 11 crosses at the Giriloyo public cemetery in Magelang/Central Java were desecrated by unknown perpetrators. This came shortly after another incident, in which villagers close to the city of Yogyakarta demanded the removal of a cross from a Catholic grave.
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