Leader: King Abdullah II
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Population: 7.6 million (172,000 Christians)
Main Religion: Islam
Persecution Level: Moderate
Source of persecution: Islamic extremism/Tribal antagonism
Tensions between moderate and radical Islamic elements in Jordanian society are on the increase, under influence of the Arab uprisings and civil war in Syria. Tribal antagonism is clearly mixed with Islam. Jordanian society is multi-ethnic - a phenomenon which is also reflected by the monarchy. Jordan hosts large groups of refugees, mostly from Iraq and Syria, which leads to economic, political and religious pressure and are a potential destabilizing factor. The number of Christians in the country has been declining for half a century. For a long time, Jordan has been one of the most liberal countries of the region in terms of freedom of religion. However, the tide seems to be turning against Christians, especially for Christian converts from a Muslim background (MBBs) who suffer the most persecution.