Leader: Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thani
Population: 6.3 million (Christians 35,000)
Main Religion: Islam
Persecution Level: Severe
Source of persecution: Islamic extremism
The position of Christians was already extremely difficult, and has only deteriorated, making Libya the most difficult country to be a Christian in North Africa. Within a context of anarchy and absent rule of law, Christians – both nationals and foreigners – are squeezed between fanatical religious groups and criminal gangs. As in most Muslim countries, converting from Islam brings social pressure. Most Libyan Christians are afraid to meet with other believers, as any kind of religious gathering (other than Islamic) for Libyans is forbidden. The violence against Christians has increased in a country where rule of law is absent.