Leader: Sultan Qaboos bin Said
Government: Absolute monarchy
Population: 4.1 million (35,000 Christians)
Main Religion: Islam
Persecution Level: Moderate
Source of persecution: Islamic extremism
Located at the confluence of the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea, Oman is one of the few countries with Islam as the state religion, but does not criminalize conversion from Islam to other religions. As Islam is the state religion, legislation is based on Islamic laws. All public school curriculums include instruction in Islam. A Christian convert from a Muslim background (MBB) faces problems under the Personal Status and Family Legal Code, which prohibits a father from having custody over his children if he leaves Islam. Expatriate Christians are relatively free in exercising their freedom of religion. MBBs risk persecution from family and society, and can lose their family, house, and job and can even be killed.