Leader: Salman bin Abdulaziz al Saud
Population: 29.8 million (1.2 million Christians)
Main Religion: Islam
Persecution Level: Severe
Source of persecution: Islamic extremism
The desert kingdom is defined by Wahhabism, a purist and strict interpretation of Islam. It is forbidden to openly practice other religions. Apostasy – conversion to another religion – is punishable by death. Radical Islamic breeding ground is widely present in the kingdom and Saudi funding of terrorism abroad is the main source of Sunni terrorism in the world. Most Christians are expats from Asia or Africa. Converts to Christianity from Islam face the risk of being killed or abused by their own families. House churches are often raided by the religious police.