|Persecution Type:||Islamic Oppression|
|Leader:||President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir|
Sudan has been ruled by the authoritarian government of President al-Bashir since 1989. Under his charge, the country has been ruled as an Islamic state with limited rights for religious minorities. The state places heavy restrictions on freedom of speech or press. Christians face constant discrimination and pressure—additionally, multiple church buildings were demolished in 2017 and 2018, leaving some Christians without a place to worship. Christians converts from Islam are especially targeted for persecution.
The 2019 World Watch List reporting period has been difficult for Sudanese Christians in many ways. They have lost church buildings used for worship for years. And the government has arrested or intimidated many Christian leaders. All Christian communities in Sudan are afraid of having conversations about their faith with Sudanese Muslims because that could put them at risk for arrest or intimidation. The level of persecution that converts and ethnic Africans face is enormous. There have been arrests; many churches have been demolished with others on an official list awaiting demolition. In areas like the Nuba Mountains where there is an ongoing conflict between government forces and rebel groups, many Christians are attacked indiscriminately.
So as not to be discovered, converts will often refrain from raising their children as Christians because this might lead to Christian persecution and attract the attention of the government and community leaders (since children might inadvertently reveal the faith of their parents). This fear even extends to funerals, where Christians with a Muslim background are often buried according to Islamic rites in Muslim cemeteries (even though Christian and Muslim cemeteries are separate).
The government has demolished and closed down churches.
Christian converts with a Muslim background are particularly at risk because conversion from Islam to another religion is legally punishable by death. Believers usually refrain from owning Christian materials or accessing Christian TV or websites. which, if discovered, could be used as evidence against them by family or officials.
Christian children are often harassed in school or playgrounds due to their parents’ faith.
A very high level of violence against Christians is evident, particularly in the Nuba Mountains region where government security forces target Christians indiscriminately.
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