Leader: President Emomali Rahmon
Population: 8.6 million (97,100 Christians)
Main Religion: Islam
Persecution Level: Sparse
Source of persecution: Islamic extremism
Tajikistan is the only Central Asian country with a Persian national language. Culturally, Tajikistan has more affinity with Iran and Afghanistan than the other countries in Central Asia because these are all Turkic countries. Different groups of Christians are affected by persecution in Tajikistan, but Christian converts from Islam and non-traditional Protestant groups are targeted most. The government recently announced that 300 Tajik jihadists are fighting with the Islamic State; half of them women.