Leader: President Jakaya Kikwete
Government: Democratic republic
Population: 52.2 million (25.3 million Christians)
Main Religion: Christianity/Islam
Persecution Level: Moderate
Source of persecution: Islamic extremism
Zanzibar has become the epicenter of Islamic radicalism in the country. A radical Islamic separatist group called “Uamsho” uses Zanzibar as a springboard to further its radical Islamic agenda in Tanzania. Converts to Christianity from indigenous tribes may face pressure from their extended families to adhere to traditional practices. In 2014, the position of Christians has significantly deteriorated. In general, not only did the situation of Christian converts with a Muslim background (MBBs) deteriorate, but also the circumstances of members of the other churches became worse within the island of Zanzibar, as well as the coastal areas of mainland Tanzania. There were targeted killings and destruction of churches.