Leader: President Truong Tan Sang
Government: Communist state
Population: 93.3 million (9.9 million Christians)
Main Religion: Buddhism
Persecution Level: Severe
Source of persecution: Communist oppression
Vietnam is one of the few remaining countries in the world following a communist ideology. Consequently, authorities still perceive Christianity as a foreign influence and Christians as Western agents. The regime is based on Marxist-Leninist doctrine and Ho Chi Minh's thoughts. The publication and distribution of Christian materials is difficult and highly restricted. Work among children and youth is not officially restricted, but monitored and youth camps and trainings can be disturbed. The level of violence increased in 2014. Several church buildings as well as houses of Christians were destroyed and more than 10 Christians were sentenced to jail.