Approximately 66 to 75 percent of the population practice different kinds of Buddhism. The remaining part of the population, mainly of Nepali origin, practices Hinduism.
A key aspect of the new system of government created by the 2008 constitution was the removal of all representatives of the state-sponsored Central Monk Body from the political process. Monks, nuns and other religious figures are not permitted to vote.
Until 1965, Bhutan remained closed to Christianity as well as to all other external influences. Since then, the church has experienced continuing growth.
Open Doors estimates the number of Christians in the country is 20,000, representing around 2.8 percent of the population. Christianity is said to be concentrated in towns and in the south.