CAR’s former Prime Minister Andre NzaPayeke (third from right) with UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo- Ngcuka (third from left) and Special Representative of the African Union for Women, Peace and Security Bineta Diop (second from right). Bangui, CAR May 26, 2014
UN Photo / Creative Commons / Flickr
The President of the Central African Republic has replaced the Christian Prime Minister with a Muslim as part of a peace deal to end deadly violence that has ravaged the country for more than a year. On Aug 10, interim President Catherine Samba-Panza replaced Prime Minister Andre Nzapayeke with Mahamat Kamoun. Nzapayeke stepped aside to give place to a consensus government, a condition specified in the ceasefire between Seleka rebels and the vigilante anti-Balaka. The deal was signed last month in Brazzaville, in the Republic of the Congo.
The Central African Republic has been wracked by violence since December 2012, when a coalition of Muslim-dominated rebel groups under the Seleka banner swept through the country to eventually drive out President Francois Bozize in March 2013. Ten months of Seleka violence followed, much of it directed at Christians, thousands of whom were killed and driven from their homes.
Since December 2013, anti-Balaka fighters have waged a revenge campaign of ethnic cleansing in the west of CAR as Seleka remnants have retreated to the northeast. Hundreds of Muslims, as well as non-Muslims, have been killed. According to the UN, nearly 20% of CAR population has been displaced.
Recently appointed, Kamoun, 53, is the first Muslim to serve as Prime Minister in the Christian-majority CAR. The move is neither unexpected nor unwelcome, said Rev. Nicolas Guerekoyame, President of Evangelical Alliance in CAR, and a member of the Religious Platform-a group of Christian and Muslim leaders.
”We have always said religion should not be used for political purposes in CAR,” Guerekoyame told World Watch Monitor. “Thus, for now we do not know the reasons that led the President to make this appointment. The only criterion that matters for us is having a Central African-born citizen, competent, capable to meet the many challenges the country is currently facing-namely insecurity, the return of [internally displaced people], the regular payment of salaries, etc.”
In the Central African Republic, the President is elected and appoints a Prime Minister, who serves as the head of the national Council of Ministers. An economist, Kamoun previously served as director general of the treasury to the former President, Francois Bozize. He also served as cabinet chief to the man who drove out Bozize, Seleka leader Michel Djotodia.
Kamoun downplayed the role of his religious background, or “confessional criterion,” in his nomination. “The confessional criterion has played a minor role in my appointment, contrary to what some may think. I see myself as a statesman, an open-minded and unifying man,” he said in an interview (Source RFI). ”Therefore, reconciliation is one of the actions that the transitional government is expected to implement at this difficult time in our country. With all Central African Citizens, the government and the international community, we will work towards that goal.”
Kamoun and interim President Samba-Panza now face the task of directing the political transition through the major challenges ahead. The Seleka, who expected a member of their group to be appointed Prime Minister, rejected Kamoun’s appointment. “We have been very disappointed by this appointment,” Seleka spokesman Capt. Ibrahim Nedjad told the BBC. “It’s true that Mr. Kamoun worked with former President Michel Djotodia, but Seleka is well organized and has a political branch.”
The Seleka, however, are no longer a homogenous group. Clear divisions continue to grow between political and military leadership. The situation remains tense as the fragile ceasefire has been frequently violated. Two weeks ago, heavy fighting broke out between international forces and Seleka fighters in Batangafo, 300 kilometers north of the CAR capital of Bangui , killing 50 Seleka fighters and two international African peacekeeping soldiers, according to media reports.
The Seleka combatants were accused of committing further atrocities among civilians, especially Christians, in Batangafo. Jean Nbesara, 56, a pastor with Foursquare Church, was shot dead in his house along with one of his sons. All Catholic priests serving in the city were transferred to Bossangoa in the wake of the violence.
CAR’s religious leaders visited Rwanda Aug 7 and 8 to examine progress in conflict resolution made since the 1994 genocide. “We came to visit the memorial [of genocide] in order to assess the scale of the 1994 tragedy in Rwanda,” Dieudonne Nzapalainga, the archbishop of Bangui; told the media. “The international community is urged to act so that what happened in Rwanda never happens again in Africa or elsewhere in the world.”
Source: World Watch Monitor
Our heavenly Father, holy and righteous, great in power and authority, we pray for this persecuted nation as it struggles to emerge from a devastating civil war. We pray for Kamoun and interim President Samba-Panza as they attempt to bring about peace and stability in the face of great opposition. We pray for Seleka and anti-Balaka forces to lay down their weapons and begin the process of rebuilding this war-torn nation. We pray for harmony to be established in this nation, and for the Spirit of God to move across the land, establishing reconciliation between warring factions, and more importantly, reconciling men to Yourself through the shed blood of Christ. In the name of Jesus, who was forsaken by the Father as He took upon Himself our sin so that we might become one with Him as He is one in glory with the Father, Amen.